10 Days Istanbul, Sanliurfa, Mardin, Nemrut and Cappadocia (PKG 20)

Tour Content

1. Day : Arrival
Upon your arrival we will pick you up from the airport and transfer to Hotel in Sultanahmet area. Overnight in Istanbul

2. Day : Istanbul Full Day City Tour (B,L)
Departure at 8am. We begin our tour of the Sultanahmet district, the heart of old Istanbul, at Hagia Sophia *. Built by the Emperor Justinian in the early 6th century AD and designed by Anthemius of Tralles and Isodore of Miletus, the church is one of the marvels of world architecture. Converted into a mosque in 1453, it is now a museum. Its massive dome still dominates the skyline of old Istanbul. It is also famed for its mosaics, including glittering portraits of emperors and empresses and a poignant Virgin and Child.

Next we visit the Blue Mosque which takes its name from the exquisite tiles adorning its interior. Built by Sultan Ahmet I in the early 17th century and designed by a pupil of Sinan, the greatest of Ottoman architects, it is the only imperial mosque with six minarets. Its courtyard is especially grand. The Hippodrome, the stadium of ancient Byzantium, held 100,000 spectators and featured objects from all corners of the empire. Of these, an Egyptian obelisk and a bronze sculpture of three entwined serpents from Delphi survive.

The Grand Bazaar was the commercial heart of the old city and its 4,000 shops are full of treasures including carpets and kilims, silks, jewelry, ceramics, icons, and leather goods. Wandering through the Grand Bazaar, indulge in some shopping, Ottoman style.

Our tour is continued at Topkapı Palace, which, from the 15th to the 19th century, was the principal residence of the Ottoman Sultans. We will visit the fabulous Imperial Treasury and the Baghdad Kiosk. Topkapı Palace is now a museum and has unrivalled collections of jewelry, including the Spoonmaker’s Diamond, the 3rd largest in the world. It also possesses numerous Ottoman court costumes and ceramics, notably including one of the world’s finest collections of Chinese celadon ceramics, many of which were gifts from other rulers. Interestingly, some of the ceramics have a special glaze that was said to change color in the presence of poison. We also visit the Imperial Armory, displaying centuries of Ottoman weaponry. But perhaps the loveliest feature of Topkapı Palace are its courtyards with their ancient trees; it is easy to imagine the sultan strolling here far from the cares of state and empire.

Dating back to 4th century, the Hagia Irene (Aya Irini in Turkish), formerly church, now a museum and a center cultural activities and exhibitions, is situated inside the 1st court of the Topkapi Palace.  Hagia Irene also called as “St. Eirene” or “St.Irene’s” Church. It is one of the oldest Byzantium churches in Istanbul, was the 2nd largest church of the Eastern Roman Empire after Hagia Sophia.

Last but by no means least, we visit the Grand Covered Bazaar, most attractive shopping center and the biggest “souk” in the world  with nearly 4000 shops selling antiques, jewellery, gold, carpets, leatherware and souvenir.  Overnight in Istanbul

3. Day : Bosphorus Cruise, Spice Bazaar and Suleymaniye Mosque (B,L)
Golden Horn (from the bus), the arm of the Bosphorus and a natural harbour of the historical peninsula separating the old and the new parts of İstanbul where the first colonies settled during the Byzantines.

The residential area for Byzantine Jews, Italian traders and other non-muslim minorities. Drive along the traces of history at Balat viewing Metal Church of St. Stephen the Bulgarian, Jewish Hospital (Or-Ahayim), Fener Orthodox Patriarchate and 22 kms. long Byzantine City Walls, strongest fortification of the middle age. Spice Bazaar (Egyptian Bazaar), mystical smells of different aromas of various spices. Shops selling fruits, vegetables, fish, flowers etc.

Bosphorus Cruise through the waterway separating the two continents, Europe and Asia, with a possibility to take photographs of marble palaces, ancient wooden villas of Ottoman architecture besides modern residentials and luxurious apartments. Rumeli Fortress (from the boat – no interior visit), historical armament built by the Conqueror to control and protect the Bosphorus. A unique example of military architecture.

Spice Bazaar (EGYPTIAN BAZAAR) The air here is filled with the enticing aromas of cinnamon, caraway, saffron, mint, thyme and every other conceivable herb and spice.

Next we visit Suleymaniye Mosque. Süleymaniye Mosque is the second largest imperial mosque complex in the city, built during the reign of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent. Overnight in Istanbul

4. Day : Flight to Sanliurfa and visit Gobeklitepe, Harran and Abrahams Pool (B,L)
Early departure for our flight to Sanliurfa.  Sanliurfa is a large province in the Southeast of Turkey.  Not as well-known as its neighbouring counterpart of Gaziantep but I wanted to visit it for one reason. Also known as Urfa, it is steeped in tales and historical sites related to Abraham and his time spent in ancient Mesopotamia.

One of Urfa’s main attractions is the Sacred Fish Pool inhabited by thousands of fish. The Sacred Fish Pool can be found in the courtyard of the Halil-ur-Rahman mosque, which dates back to 1211.

What makes the Sacred Fish Pool popular aren’t only the fishes or the colorful gardens that surround it, but its historical significance. The location of the Sacred Fish Pool is the spot where the brutal King Nimrod threw Abraham into deathly flames.

You will visit one of the most important archaeological sites in the world, Gobeklitepe. The site is home to what may be the world’s oldest temple, built around 12,000 years ago. Explore this old temple: older than writing and pottery itself, and walk the steps taken by ancient faithful as they exercised their beliefs.

We will then head to the city referenced a couple of times in the Bible, Harran, which was once home to the patriarch Abraham. Since ancient times, the city has always been important, but it’s now famous for its beehive homes. The town’s historical residents built these unique structures to shield themselves from the region’s hot sun characteristic.

Explore these ancient structures and relax in their cool interiors as you learn more about them. After the beehive homes, we’ll head over to the 8th-century ruins of the world’s first Islamic university. Stroll the pavements walked by Muslim scholars as they translated and studied natural sciences, philosophy, astronomy, and medicine in the university. Overnight in Sanliurfa

5. Day : From Sanliurfa to Mardin (B,L)
Today we are departing at 8am and drive to Dara. Dara Ruins was established as a settlement in 570  b.c  and 530 b.c by the order of the Iranian ruler Darxis. It hosted the Persian and Babylonian Kingdoms. In the 12th century, it was first under the rule of the Umayyads and Abbasids, and then after the rule of various principalities.  Finally, it under the rule of Ottoman.

Mardin is an enchanting city demonstrating a cultural wealth and architectural heritage passed down through thousands of years. This timeless poetic city was created by the delicate skill of the mason’s hands that gave form to its stones. Revealing the city to be an architectural treasure chest, the golden stone houses, masterfully and elegantly built on the steep slopes, achieve an extraordinary harmony between climate, geography and architecture. The civilizations and culture of thousands of years are reflected in the sloping streets, small squares and the traditional dwellings of the city.

Traces of the first settlements in the region extend back to the Neolithic Age. The Assyrians, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Seljuks, Mongols, Mamluks, Karakoyunlus, Artuklus, Akkonyunlus, Safevids and Ottomans – all these peoples, states and empires left their mark on Mardin, the city of rocks.

Built by Hamdanis in 975-976, the citadel with its excellent stonework stands on a hill dominating the city. Ulu Mosque is Mardin’s oldest mosque built in the time of Artukid ruler, Kutbeddin Ilgaz in 1186. The 15th century Kasım Paşa Madrasah is remarkable for its fine stonework and at the lovely İsa Bey Madrasah (Zinciriye Madrasah) from the 14th century you can admire the magnificently carved portal and climb to its roof to enjoy a fantastic view of the Mesopotamian plain.

The magnificent Deyrul Zafaran stands about 6km along a good but narrow road in the rocky hills east of Mardin. The monastery was once the seat of the Syriac Orthodox patriarchate but this has now moved to Damascus.

In 495 the first monastery was built on a site previously dedicated to the worship of the sun. Destroyed by the Persians in 607, it was rebuilt, only to be looted by Tamerlane six centuries later. Overnight in Mardin

6. Day : From Mardin to Diyarbakir (B,L)
Today we are departing at 8am and continue to Diyarbakir. On the way to city we do visit the Malabadi bridge. Malabadi Bridge is a 12th-century stone pointed-arch bridge spanning the Batman River, decorated with human, sun, and lion reliefs. The bridge is situated near the town called Silvan, Diyarbakır Province, in south-eastern Anatolia. It is one of the most famous historical heritage bridges of Anatolia and as such it was inscribed in the Tentative list of World Heritage Sites in Turkey in 2016.

After reach to city we visit Diyarbakır ancient city Walls. Diyarbakır City Walls, which are famous for being the longest wall after the Great Wall, are 5.5 km long and 7-8 m high. These walls, which are the magnificent examples of medieval military architecture, are decorated with inscriptions and reliefs. B.C. The construction date of the city walls, which was renewed by the Byzantine Emperor Costantinus in 349, is not fully known.

Then we visit the place where the finds of Cayonu are. The ancient city of Cayonu, located in the Ergani district on the Elazig highway 65 km northwest of Diyarbakır, dates back to the polished stone age, about 9000 years ago. It was determined that this settlement was one of the first settled places. After we visit the Great Mosque. It is known as the fifth Harem-i Şerif in the Islamic world.

After the conquest of Diyarbakir by the Islamic armies, the largest Christian temple in the province, the Mar-Tama church, M.S. It was converted into a mosque in 639. It was repaired in 1091 during the time of the Great Seljuk Sultan Melikshah. The mosque, which was damaged in earthquake and fire in 1115, was repaired in 1240 with the help of the people. This first Islamic structure, which has great value in terms of the fountain in its courtyard and the inscriptions from various periods, was built with black stones.

Then Behram Pasha Mosque, the mosque built by 13th Ottoman Governor Behram Pasha, is one of the most beautiful examples of Ottoman architecture. The very ornate pulpit of the mosque is a marvel of art.

Finally, we go to Sheikh Matar Mosque. The four-legged minaret and mosque are works of Akkoyunlu and were built in 1500 by Sultan Kasım. The minaret was built on a monolithic stone column with four corners. The use of fired wood on the columns is also a feature of the minaret. According to one belief, the wish of passing through the columns seven times was accepted. After the tour transfer back to your hotel. Overnight in Diyarbakir.

7. Day : From Diyarbakir to Mt. Nemrut, Arsemeia and Cendere Bridge (B,L)
Departure at 8am and drive to Kahta near to Mt Nemrut. We leave our luggages to hotel and departing to noon time to visit Karakus Tumulus, Arsemei, Cendere Bridge and join the breathtaking sunset on Mount Nemrut.

The Ruins of Arsemia Roman bridge of Cendere was erected in first century AD by the Roman Emperor Septimus Severus in honour of his wife Julia Donma. The engravings on the columns of the bridge give insight into the bridge and how it was built. Of the four columns that hold the bridge two of them were made for his two sons Caracalla and Geta. When Caracalla assumed the thrown he executed his brother Geta and removed the column that was built in his honour.

Visit Karakus, which is the tumulus of the royal Commagene women and features columns with eagle and relief.

Rise up to the summit of Mount Nemrut. See the magnificent relics of the tumulus of the Commagene king Antiochus Epipanes I atop Mt. Nemrut (2150m above sea-level) located near Adiyaman and Malatya. The amazing statues of the Gods on the Nemrut summit make it a very impressive site. View a fantastic sunrise from the East Terrace. Visit the East and West terraces, fire altar, statues of Apollo, Zeus, Hercules, Tyche and Antiochus Epipanes I, tumulus, and see the world’s first horoscope. Descend down the mountain through small villages and beautiful scenery. Overnight in Adiyaman.

8. Day : From Adiyaman to Cappadocia (B,L)
Today we have a comfortable trip of approx. 480 km to Cappadocia. After reach we check in and relax. Overnight in Cappadocia.

9. Day : Cappadocia Full Day Tour (B,L)
Tour start in the morning from the hotel. Firstly, you will stop to take photos at Uc Guzeller which are famed fairy chimneys in Cappadocia. Next, visit to DEVRENT Valley has various types of fairy chimneys. Among these are those with caps, cones, mushroom like forms pillar and pointed rocks.We will take a walk through this amazing valley.

Then, you will visit PASABAGLARI (Monk’s Valley) where you will see many fairy chimneys with multiple stems and caps can be found here, this style being unique to this area. A chapel dedicated to St. Simeon and a hermit’s shelter is built into one such fairy chimney with three heads. After visiting Pasabag, we will drive to AVANOS which is known for the pottery, a craft dating back to the Hittite period. The red clay which is worked by local craftsmen comes from the residue in the Kizilirmak river. The Kizilirmak, which divides Avanos into two, is Anatolia’s longest river. And we will have a rest to have lunch in a local restaurant.

After having lunch, we will proceed to GOREME Open Air Museum where this religious education was started. You will visit the churhces, chapels and monasteries carved into the fairy chimmeys from the 10th to the 13th centuries with frescos painted on the walls. Before we take you to your hotels, we will have a rest to take some photos in UCHISAR Castle and ESENTEPE. UCHISAR CASTLE is the highest point in the region. The castle and its surrounds used to be the most populated area this settlement. As for Esentepe, this hill provides a magnificent panorama of the surrounding area. After the tour, you will be transfer to your hotel. Overnight in Cappadocia

10. Day : Departure (B)
Checkout and we will transfer you to Cappadocia airport according to your international flight schedule. Goodbye!
Legend: B: Breakfast, L: Lunch, D: Dinner

This tour package is available for minimum 6 person. For more or less people please ask!

Services and important details

> Private airport transfers
> Hotel accommodation based on 4* category BB
> Tours are private pased
> Transportation in comfortable, non-smoking, air-conditioned bus
> All entrance fees mentioned in the itinerary
> English speaking professional licenced guide
> Visa fees (please research and make sure for visa policy from your countie to turkey)
> Any international or domestic flights (please ask for actual fares
> Travel insurance
> Food and Drinks unless specified
> Personal expenses
> Photos and Videos
> Gratuities for driver and guide
> This tour is all year round available
> Confirmation will be received at time of booking or within latest in 48 hours
> This package offered only private based
> Not wheelchair accessible
> Infants must sit on laps

If you don’t find any of the package tours on this website suitable for your schedule, we can create you a personalized tour itinerary.  You can get inspiration from our regular tour packages to make your own custom-made itinerary. You can choose all of the destinations mentioned on our website or include any other palaces anywhere in Turkey.

It does not matter for us if you are just one person. Do not hesitate to contact us. We will suggest best possible vacation program for individual travelers, small or big groups, which will fit exactly to your vacation period starting from the minute you land in to the airport. We just need to know some information such as the dates of your holiday period, the destinations you want to visit, your choice of quality / style of hotels, the room types (double, single etc) and naturally the number of guests who will participate the tour. We will reply you as soon as possible with our best program and best price.

Please fill the form below and query for this tour or contact us for more information. Tel/WhatsApp: +90 541 3812223 E-mail : tours@antalyadailytour.com

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